The Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies of North America

The Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies of North America

Visiting a country like the United States requires a lot of prior organization. The first and most important thing is apply for a US visa, which is obtained, for most countries, through the ESTA form.

But there are also other details, such as flights, accommodations and times, that must be taken into account, and another that we often ignore but that can make it much easier for us to know what we should visit: his story.

Many times we think that it does not have it, or that it is a relatively new country that does not have the history that other countries may have, but, for example, ¿Did you know that the United States is one of the places where the most dinosaur remains in the world have been found?

And this is only part of its past, because it also has it since modernity and we will focus on that today, starting, of course, with the Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies of North America, the rebellion that led to the American War of Independence.

The origin of the North American Thirteen Colonies Revolution

Fresh ideas, an uncompromising tax policy by the metropolis, and hundreds of enraged Boston merchants.

The Tea Party of 1773

Thus began the Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies of North America, with the famous riots of theDecember 1773 Tea Party, a popular reaction to Britain's imposition of high import duties on this product.

British painter Phillip Dawe captured the moment when five Bostonian rebels unleashed their fury against John Malcom, Commissioner of Customs for the city of Boston, whom they have smeared with tar and covered with feathers, a public humiliation considered a grave injury.

Under the liberty tree, some picaresque Bostonians force the commissioner to drink wine from a cask, as if trying to get him drunk to increase the offense.

The representation of the mutiny in this work has a genuine perspective: although the painter decides to portray a specific moment in the foreground, that of the humiliation of a British officer.

The scene that truly reflects the historical event is the one revealed in the background, on the left, where we see a group of merchants dumping a British shipment of tea into the sea, as it happened during the famous mutiny.

An entire act of rebellion to which Great Britain reacted by tightening the laws against the rebels and closing the port of Boston.

Although the revolution had been brewing before, nourished by all the enlightened ideology, the mutiny was the trigger that spread the revolutionary germ throughout the thirteen British colonies and gave rise to the War of independence.

Differences between the "founding fathers" and London

The "Founding fathers" as Thomas Jefferson or Benjamin Franklin they envisioned a liberal nation, free from the political and economic pressure imposed from London and based on a republican system of rights, suffrage and separation of powers.

The Independence of the United States

This new nation would see its dawn on July 4th, 1776, when the representatives of the thirteen colonies already segregated from Great Britain, unable to contain the revolution, signed the Declaration of Independence Act, the document that legally articulated the bases of this new system.

In this way the painter would represent him in 1819 John trumbull, in a solemn and classic scene in which the Constituent Committee presents the final document drawn up before the Continental Congress for approval.

Americans still celebrate this event, which continues to magnify their patriotism every 4th of july, considering it the origin of their national consciousness and their historical memory.

The Revolution of the Thirteen Colonies and the war that happened to him was also, the first of the so-called «era of revolutions» from the end of the 18th century and throughout the 19th century, which would serve as inspiration for the rest of the European and American bourgeois movements that star in the history of that century.

Romantic, in the artistic sense of the word. In my adolescence both family and friends reminded me over and over that I was an inveterate humanist, as I spent time doing what perhaps others did not, believing myself to be Bécquer, immersed in my own artistic fantasies, in books and movies, constantly wanting to travel and explore the world, admired for my historical past and for the wonderful productions of the human being. That is why I decided to study History and combine it with Art History, because it seemed to me the most appropriate way to carry out the skills and passions that characterize me: reading, writing, traveling, researching, knowing, making known, educating. Disclosure is another of my motivations, because I understand that there is no word that has real value if it is not because it has been transmitted effectively. And with this, I am determined that everything I do in my life has an educational purpose.

Video: American Revolution in 9 Minutes - Manny Man Does History