The Heraclides mummy union of Roman and Egyptian cultures

The Heraclides mummy union of Roman and Egyptian cultures

The Heraclides mummy It is a Roman-Egyptian mummy found around AD 150 in Egypt emphasizing traditions about life after death and the afterlife.

Heraclides went through a mummification process but it was not placed in a sarcophagus. The designs on the body of the mummy are of Egyptian style in which hieroglyphs and images similar to those of the tomb of Tutankhamen. In the mummy of Heraclides you can see how he wanted to demonstrate his lineage through representations.

In 30 BC, Egypt came under the roman domino and adaptation of their cultures and techniques took place. The mummy was discovered in the 1st century AD. showing many of the characteristics of the mummification process such as the extraction of internal organs.

The Romans also removed the heart which was rare in Egyptian culture, since, for the latter, it was the seat of the intelligence necessary for all life. Like the Egyptians, the Romans covered the body with salts, lotions and resins to later be wrapped by a large number of yards of linen. As for the amulets and emblems, the Romans used the image of a bird while the Egyptians were more likely to use the image of the scarab.

The adaptation of Egyptian religious beliefs over Roman ones It is not only found in the use of amulets but also in the hieroglyphs on the body of the deceased as a symbol of protection and of an afterlife.

On the chest of the mummy you can see birds drawn with black strokes and decorated with gold leaf. On the abdomen is a man drawn in profile in white and green and wings on the sides symbolizing protection in the afterlife. Although the images are made of gold and precious stones such as lapis lazuli, turquoise and carnelian, through which the achievements of the king are explained, it is considered an Egyptian imitation embodied in Roman culture.

The Roman burial form it was through the placement of the body in a sarcophagus with elaborate reliefs on the sides and a statue on top in a resting position. An example of this can be seen in the Etruscan sarcophagus of Cerveteri, where the deceased has on top a gloomy expression that contrasts with the confident smiling faces of the Archaic era, thus opening the individualized portrait in the sculpture of the Roman Republic. .

East roman attribute can be seen in the Heraclides mummy On which, instead of having the traditional Egyptian masks, individualized portraits were painted with the characteristics of each person, thus representing the typical Roman style.

The expression on your face he appears to be insensitive with a lateral displacement of the head and eyes looking forward, a typical Roman portrait so that he appears to have control over his expressions. The feet are wrapped together and on them in Greek letters you can read its name that characterizes and individualizes it. The non-use of masks and the writing of his name in Greek show the Roman footprint on the Heraclides mummy.

I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.


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